Basic Expressions Used in Social Interactions

Expressions of Greetings and Leave Takings

There are some expressions often used in Greetings and Leave takings, both formal and informal. Formal expressions as it name is used for formal situation or occasion. It is also used to interact to people with higher social status, people who have not known each other or people older than the speaker (s).

Those expressions of greetings are:

  • Hi
  • Hello
  • Morning / afternoon / evening
  • Good morning
  • Good afternoon
  • Good day
  • Good evening
  • Good night

And here are the expressions of leave takings:

  • Good bye
  • See you later
  • Bye…
  • Bye… bye….
  • See you
  • So long

Now, can you guess: which of those expressions are formal and which ones informal? Well… I'm pretty sure that you can distinguish it.

Expressions, such as Good morning/afternoon/evening, Good Bye, See you later are among of those formal expressions, whereas Hi, Hello, Bye… bye… , So long are among of those informal ones.

Look at the following sample dialogues to have better understanding about it.

Conversation one: At the office with a manager

Ramli : Good morning, Mr. Yoenus

Mr. Yoenus : Good morning Ramli

Ramli : How are you this morning?

Mr. Yoenus : Fine, thank you.

Ramli : Did you have a nice weekend?

Mr. Yoenus : Yes, thank you.

Conversation two: At the office with a friend.

Ramli : Hi, Shinta.

Shinta : Hello, Ramli. How's everything?

Ramli : Fine, thanks.

Shinta : How was your weekend, Ramli?

Ramli : Oh… it was great, thanks. I went to the beach and had some fun there!

Shinta : Lucky you!

Conversation three: At the restaurant

Waiter : Good afternoon, sir.

Ramli : Good afternoon. Can I have a table for two, please?

Waiter : Certainly, sir. Come with me, please.

Ramli : Thank you.

After reading out those three conversations above, I am sure that you could make distinction between conversation number one and number two, or number two and number three, couldn't you? On conversation number one and three, we could see that they applied formal expressions, while conversation number two applied informal expressions. What is the reason, then? Well… in conversation number one, Ramli spoke to his manager, so that he must be polite since he has lower place to him. In conversation number two, Ramli spoke in an easy going ways to his friend. He did not need to speak politely, because Shinta is just a friend. However, when Ramli came to a restaurant, he spoke formally to the waiter, because the waiter is not his friend, instead the waiter is someone new for Ramli. Do you get it?

Leave a Reply